Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov is Professor of International Law, Vice-President of the Russian Association of International Law, Vice-Chairperson of the Committee against Torture, member of the Council of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law, member of editorial boards of the Russian Yearbook of International Law and of the International Review of the Red Cross. His former postings include senior staff member of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, trial judge at the UN ICTR, appeals judge at the UN ICTR/ICTY, Civil Affairs Officer with the UN Peace Forces in the former Yugoslavia, adviser of Soviet and Russian delegations to subsidiary organs of the UN General Assembly. He served as ad hoc judge at the ECHR in the case of “Ukraine v. Russia” (2019 – 2021). He holds two degrees in international law from the Moscow State Institute of International Law and an LL.M from Harvard Law School. His professorial experience includes teaching at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Hague Academy of International Law, University of Virginia School of Law, the University of World Economy and Diplomacy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan, other universities in Russia and elsewhere.